OUR PRODUCTS

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ASH

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(Pinus spp.) Pros: Only pine that Goddard Floors recommends.
Cons: Can be very costly.
Color: Heartwood is yellow after cutting and turns deep pinkish tan to warm reddish brown within weeks due to high resin content. Sapwood remains yellow, with occasional blue-black sap stain.
Grain: Dense, with high figuring. Plainsawn is swirled; rift or quarter-sawn is primarily pinstriped. Curly or burl grain is rare.
Availability: Limited
Hardness: Sifter than Northern red oak.
Durability: Natural resistance to insects in heartwood; dense.
Workability:
Sawing: Good
Nailing: Good
Sanding: Use course paper for 1st sanding, may clog paper.
Finishing: Accepts surface and penetrating finishes, some stains tend to blotch.





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BEECH

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(Fagus grandifolia) Pros: Beautiful floor with a tight grain can be confused with maple or birch. Very durable.
Cons: Boards can vary in color and also include mineral streaks which results in dark sections in the wood.
Color: Reddish brown heartwood, with pale white sapwood.
Grain: Mostly closed, straight grain, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.
Availability: Limited.
Hardness: Slightly harder than Northern red oak.
Durability: Elastic, hard; excellent shock resistance. Wears wells, stays smooth when subjected to friction - popular for factory floors.
Workability:
Sawing: Good with machine tools, difficult to work with hand tools.
Nailing: Good holding ability, has tendency to split.
Sanding: Satisfactorily finishing: No known problems





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BIRCH

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Pros: Very tight grained wood similar to Maple with a light and warm appearance. Stains extremely well. Also available in red , which stains even better than the standard white birch.
Cons: Can contrast in color from board to board especially in the lower grades.
Color: Sapwood is creamy yellow or pale white in yellow birch; heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red. Sweet birch has light colored sapwood and heartwood is dark brown tinged with red.
Grain: Medium figuring, straight, closed grain, even textured. Occasional curly grain or wavy figure in some boards.
Availability: Moderately.
Hardness: Softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Hard and stiff; very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: Good machine tools, difficult with hand tools.
Nailing: Excellent
Sanding: Satisfactorily
Finishing: No known problems.





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DOUGLAS FIR

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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HEART PINE - ANTIQUE

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(Panga-panga, Millettia spp.) Pros: Great for feature strips.
Cons: Limited availability and expensive.
Color: Heartwood is yellow-brown when freshly cut,, turning dark brown to almost black with alternate layers of light and dark. Sapwood is yellowish-white and clearly demarcated from heartwood.
Grain: Straight when quartered; coarse texture.
Availability: Limited
Hardness: Quite a bit harder than Northern red oak.
Durability: average.
Workability:
Sawing: Difficult, carbide tooling recommended.
Nailing: Good
Sanding: Satisfactorily
Finishing: Some solvent-based stains do not dry well.





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MAPLE

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(Fagus grandifolia) Pros: Beautiful floor with a tight grain can be confused with maple or birch. Very durable.
Cons: Boards can vary in color and also include mineral streaks which results in dark sections in the wood.
Color: Reddish brown heartwood, with pale white sapwood.
Grain: Mostly closed, straight grain, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.
Availability: Limited.
Hardness: Slightly harder than Northern red oak.
Durability: Elastic, hard; excellent shock resistance. Wears wells, stays smooth when subjected to friction - popular for factory floors.
Workability:
Sawing: Good with machine tools, difficult to work with hand tools.
Nailing: Good holding ability, has tendency to split.
Sanding: Satisfactorily finishing: No known problems





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OAK (RED)

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(Red) (Quercus spp.) Pros: One of the best values for your money. Stains very well. Very durable. Cons: Not very individual.
Color: Heart and sapwood are similar with sapwood lighter in color; most pieces have a reddish tone. Slightly redder than white.
Grain: Open, slightly coarser (more porous) than white oak. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quarter-sawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger oak, tiger rays or butterflies.
Availability: Commodity item available in ALL types, styles and sizes of flooring.
Hardness: Stiff & dense, resist wear, less durable than white oak.
Workability:
Sawing: above average
Nailing: good
Sanding: satisfactorily, better than white oak
Finishing: Strong stain contrast, because of pores.





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OAK (WHITE)

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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WALNUT

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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PINE

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(Thia/Burmese) (Tectona grandis) Pros: Great for exterior use or near water. Weathers well with or without finish.
Cons: Expensive.
Color: Heartwood varies from yellow-brown to dark golden brown, turning rich brown when exposed to sunlight. Sapwood is lighter cream colored.
Grain: Straight; coarse, uneven texture.
Availability: Limited
Hardness: Softer than Northern red oak . Durability: Strength values are similar to those of American oak.
Workability:
Sawing: Moderate ease, carbide tooling recommended.
Nailing: Good
Sanding: Clogs sanding paper. Finishing: Some finishes have adhesion / drying concerns due to natural oils in the wood.





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OAK

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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AUSTRALIAN CYPRESS

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Pros: Very tight grained wood similar to Maple with a light and warm appearance. Stains extremely well. Also available in red , which stains even better than the standard white birch.
Cons: Can contrast in color from board to board especially in the lower grades.
Color: Sapwood is creamy yellow or pale white in yellow birch; heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red. Sweet birch has light colored sapwood and heartwood is dark brown tinged with red.
Grain: Medium figuring, straight, closed grain, even textured. Occasional curly grain or wavy figure in some boards.
Availability: Moderately.
Hardness: Softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Hard and stiff; very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: Good machine tools, difficult with hand tools.
Nailing: Excellent
Sanding: Satisfactorily
Finishing: No known problems.





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MAHOGANY

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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PURPLEHEART

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(American Black) (Jaglans nigra) Pros: Dark rich color with a great durability. Excellent for feature strips in decorative pattern.
Cons: Can be expensive.
Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a purplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan. Difference between heartwood and sapwood is great; some manufacturers steam the wood to bleed the darker heartwood color into the sapwood.
Grain: Mostly straight and open, but some boards have burled or curly grain.
Availability: Moderately
Hardness: 1010 Janka Table, 22% softer than Northern red oak.
Durability: Moderately dense, very strong.
Workability:
Sawing: excellent
Nailing: Fair
Sanding: satisfactorily
Finishing: Nicely.





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TEAK

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(Pinus spp.) Pros: Only pine that Goddard Floors recommends.
Cons: Can be very costly.
Color: Heartwood is yellow after cutting and turns deep pinkish tan to warm reddish brown within weeks due to high resin content. Sapwood remains yellow, with occasional blue-black sap stain.
Grain: Dense, with high figuring. Plainsawn is swirled; rift or quarter-sawn is primarily pinstriped. Curly or burl grain is rare.
Availability: Limited
Hardness: Sifter than Northern red oak.
Durability: Natural resistance to insects in heartwood; dense.
Workability:
Sawing: Good
Nailing: Good
Sanding: Use course paper for 1st sanding, may clog paper.
Finishing: Accepts surface and penetrating finishes, some stains tend to blotch.





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WENGE

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(Panga-panga, Millettia spp.) Pros: Great for feature strips.
Cons: Limited availability and expensive.
Color: Heartwood is yellow-brown when freshly cut,, turning dark brown to almost black with alternate layers of light and dark. Sapwood is yellowish-white and clearly demarcated from heartwood.
Grain: Straight when quartered; coarse texture.
Availability: Limited
Hardness: Quite a bit harder than Northern red oak.
Durability: average.
Workability:
Sawing: Difficult, carbide tooling recommended.
Nailing: Good
Sanding: Satisfactorily
Finishing: Some solvent-based stains do not dry well.





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JANKA